faith

   Within analytical philosophy 'faith' is an epistemological term referring to belief in a proposition in the absence of evidence due (at least in part) to trust in the source of that belief. Faith thus involves both cognitive apprehension and personal commitment. In this sense, one can have faith in many circumstances, including the testimony of another person or of one's own sense faculties. The call to have faith, so essential to Christian belief, raises some important epistemological questions. For instance, the fact that those that believe the resurrection without seeing receive commendation (John 20: 29) seems to stand in tension with epistemic intuitions that scepticism in the absence of evidence is commendable. One resolution is to see Doubting Thomas as maintaining scepticism despite adequate testimony or evidence to make faith in Jesus a rational epistemic alternative. Another possibility is to reject the demand for rationality as a primary good, and instead see faith as an irrational, but ultimately commendable, decision. As such, one can say that rationality is not the only, or even primary, epistemic virtue. The existentialist tradition has picked up on this theme, with Kierkegaard famously discussing 'a leap of faith' that one has to make in embracing religious commitment. Pascal, from whom Kierkegaard drew some inspiration, took faith as being a virtue of the practical reason, rather than of the theoretical reason.
   Further reading: Adams, Robert Merrihew 1987; Penelhum 1995; Senor 1995; Sessions 1994; Swinburne 2005

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Faith — • In the Old Testament, the Hebrew word means essentially steadfastness. As signifying man s attitude towards God it means trustfulness or fiducia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Faith     Faith …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Faith — is a belief in the trustworthiness of an idea. Formal usage of the word faith is usually reserved for concepts of religion, as in theology, where it almost universally refers to a trusting belief in a transcendent reality, or else in a Supreme… …   Wikipedia

  • faith — [feɪθ] noun [uncountable] 1. confidence that someone or something can be trusted or will work properly: faith in • We have faith in our staff. • Don t put too much faith in competition …   Financial and business terms

  • Faith —    Faith is in general the persuasion of the mind that a certain statement is true (Phil. 1:27; 2 Thess. 2:13). Its primary idea is trust. A thing is true, and therefore worthy of trust. It admits of many degrees up to full assurance of faith, in …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • faith — W2 [feıθ] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(trust/confidence in somebody/something)¦ 2¦(religion)¦ 3 break faith with somebody/something 4 keep faith with somebody/something 5 good faith 6 bad faith 7 an act of faith ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ [Date: 1200 1300; : Old French; Origin:… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Faith — (f[=a]th), n. [OE. feith, fayth, fay, OF. feid, feit, fei, F. foi, fr. L. fides; akin to fidere to trust, Gr. pei qein to persuade. The ending th is perhaps due to the influence of such words as truth, health, wealth. See {Bid}, {Bide}, and cf.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Faith — bezeichnet: Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Faith (Arkansas) Faith (Minnesota) Faith (Missouri) Faith (North Carolina) Faith (South Dakota) Personen mit dem Familien oder Künstlernamen Faith Adam Faith (1940–2003), englischer Popsänger,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • faith — [ feıθ ] noun *** 1. ) uncount strong belief in or trust of someone or something: have faith in: I m delighted to know you have such faith in me. lose faith in: The public have lost faith in what the government is doing. put your faith in… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Faith — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Faith (en castellano: fe) puede referirse a: Música Faith (1981), álbum de la banda británica The Cure; Faith (1987), álbum de George Michael; Faith (1987), canción de George Michael; Faith (2003), canción de Celine… …   Wikipedia Español

  • faith — [fāth] n. [ME feith < OFr feid, fei < L fides, confidence, belief (in LL(Ec), the Christian religion) < fidere, to trust < IE base * bheidh , to urge, be convinced > BIDE, Gr peithein, to persuade, L foedus, a compact] 1.… …   English World dictionary

  • faith — n 1 a: allegiance or loyalty to a duty or a person b: sincerity or honesty of intentions see also bad faith, good faith 2: fidelity to one s promises and obligations …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.